Mobile App Testing: Tools, Strategies & BestPractices
Mobile testing refers to an effective processusing which a developer or a tester tests a developed application for aspecific mobile device. The testing is performed for checking the usability,performance, and functionality of the application developed.
There is an automated and manual mobile testingtechnique available, and it helps ensure that the delivered application meetsall the user demands efficiently.
Mobile internet usage is on the rise, whiledesktop usage is on the decline, a trend going on for years. As customers spendan extended time on their mobile devices, it's more important than ever to givethem a positive mobile app experience.
No matter which app kind you're using or theplatform it's built for, mobile app testing provides a positive mobileexperience. Mobile app testing services offer the best mobile app testing toolsto serve the industry best.
Why should you use Mobile App testing?
Here is why using mobile application testing isessential:
● Boost fundamental metrics while improvingin-app experiences: You must thoroughly test your app to see whichiteration offers improvement in key metrics, including retention rate, monthlyactive users, drop-offs, etc., to ensure that you constantly give enjoyableuser experiences. This way, when planning your mobile app development strategy,you'll only make data-driven decisions.
● Segment your user base and provide themwith personalized experiences: You can use deep segmentation in mobile apptesting to groups and categorize your consumers and target them differently.You may then separately target each user segment with a different variation ofthe app experience and regulate the users' percentage who see a specific testvariation. It will allow you better to understand your audience, experiment ata granular level, and create better, more relevant experiences.
● Experiment with different productionfeatures: Needless to say, you should try out numerous iterations of acritical feature, if not multiple features, before deploying one to guaranteeit has a good influence on the performance of your app. You might even wish torun a test on a single feature with different user segments to see how stickyit is with the correct people.
Types of Mobile Apps
Companies today create four different mobile apptypes. Moreover, as per the type of app you're developing, your mobile testingstrategy may differ.
1. Native (iOS/Android): Native apps areonly available on iOS or Android. An iOS app is packaged as an IPA binary file.An Android program is packaged as an APK file. Both these files requirespecific testing techniques.
2. Hybrid: A native application wrapperindependent of iOS/ Android is a hybrid app. As a result, a hybrid program hasaccess to all OS capabilities. You can download a hybrid app from the Apple AppStore or Google Play.
3. Web: Mobile native browsers, likeSafari, Chrome, or Firefox, can access web apps. These are entirely web-basedapplications.
4. Progressive Web App (PWA): It is a weblink that can be downloaded and installed on iOS and Android devices. PWAsinclude apps like Instagram and Twitter. You may install these apps withouttraveling to the App Store or Google Play by creating a shortcut to them.
How mobile testing differs from web testing?
Even if you're testing a web app, there are morechallenges to consider than testing mobile applications. Users interact withyour app on a wide range of OS and devices, with standard resolutions anddevice-specific functionalities.
Beyond the differences in hardware, mobile usersare in different scenarios than desktop/laptop web users, which must beconsidered during testing. The environment constantly varies, including batterylife, signal strength, and even contrast and brightness.
It can be challenging to ensure extensive testcoverage across even the most typical cases.
Best Practices for Effective Mobile App Testing
1. Know your App
First, it is essential to know what your appincludes, each of its minor and major functionalities, and who its targetaudience is. This will ensure that you develop the correct practices to makeyour application more compelling and profound.
2. Mobile Usability Test
Usability testing, also popular as userexperience testing, determines how user-friendly an app is regarding simplicityof use. Usability testing should ideally focus on the whole app-driven customerexperience, including issue detection and recommendations for improving theconsumer experience both inside and outside of the app. Keep the following inmind:
● Layoutand design are excellent
You should know your target end-users and theirpreferences because usability testing is subjective.
3.Functional testing is a must.
The purpose of functional software testing is toguarantee that the program is working correctly. This testing type concentrateson the app's primary purpose, ensuring that most of its features are responsiveand meet the requirements.
Other situations to test for to limit failures,additionally the mobile app's unique functionality, include testing if:
● Theapplication installs and runs without a hitch.
● Userscan register and log in.
● Thetext boxes and buttons work correctly.
● Notificationssent via push are displayed accurately.
4. Compatibility Testing
Compatibility testing ensures that your mobileapp is compatible with various devices and applications, operating systems,internal hardware specs, and network environments.
In particular, you should be aware if:
● Theapp is compatible with various OS and their versions.
● Theapp works effectively with a variety of networks and characteristics.
● Theapp works with a variety of browsers.
● Thesoftware works on a variety of devices.
5. Run Performance-Based Tests
Performance testing determines how well a mobileapplication works when subjected to a specific workload. These tests arenecessary to guarantee that your app isn't broken.
Device, Network, API/ Server performance arechecked during performance and load tests.
Additionally, your app should provide built-inbackup and recovery features that store/ recover user data that may be lost dueto various factors.
What are the Tools Used for Mobile Testing?
Several tools aid with mobile app testing,including SahiPro, Appium, XCUITest, Calabash, Taplytics, etc. However, SahiProis the best tool to automate mobile app testing. Sahi Pro is an exclusive andlow-cost automation testing platform that allows you to work with complexautomation scenarios.
1. What to Look for in Mobile TestingTools?
How do you choose the best tool for creating testscripts? Begin by focusing on the following characteristics, which are criticalfor successful mobile app testing.
• Multiple scripting languages are supported.
• Developing tests for several mobile operating systems
• Test creation choices that don't require any scripting.
• Seamless integration with continuous integration and delivery (CI/CD)tools.
2. Which one is better – Mobile manualor automated testing?
Manual testing is done entirely by a human, whoevaluates the software independently, systematically searches for issues, andlogs any flaws that a user might face. Automated testing removes someactivities from humans' hands and offers them automated technology, freeing uphuman testers to work on other projects.
Both methods of testing offer their own set of benefits.Manual testing can take advantage of human intuition to find unanticipatedfaults, but it can take longer. Automated testing saves more time and isespecially useful for repetitive tests, although it can overlook less apparentproblems that manual testing would identify.
The application need will determine whether youemploy one method or a hybrid approach in your testing.